Hearing loss affects over 20% of Americans. The unique domain of otolaryngologists is the treatment of ear disorders. They are trained in both medical and surgical treatment of hearing loss, ear infections, balance disorders, ear noise (tinnitus), and some cranial nerve disorders of the outer and inner ear.
About 37 million people have chronic sinusitis each year, making it one of the most common health complaints in America. Care of the nasal cavity and sinuses is one of the primary skills of otolaryngologists. Problems in the nasal area included smell disorders, polyps, deviated septum, and appearance of the nose (rhinoplasty surgery).
Communicating and eating a meal all involve this vital area. Specific to an otolaryngologist is expertise in managing diseases of the throat, larynx (voice box), and the upper aero-digestive tract or esophagus, including voice and swallowing disorders.