Asthma is a very common chronic disease that causes inflammation and narrowing of the bronchial tubes which allow air to come in and out of your lungs. If you are diagnosed with asthma, your bronchial tubes are usually inflamed, and during an asthma flare up these airways will get even more tight and swollen making it hard to breathe.
There are many things that can trigger an asthma flare up, but some of the most common triggers include:
- Tobacco smoke
- Anxiety and stress
- Viral bacterial infections
- Exposure to cold and/or dry air
- Acid reflux
The most common symptoms of asthma include:
- Regular cough
- Shortness of breath
- Whistling or wheezing sound when you breathe
- Chest tightness
To diagnose asthma, you can meet with an allergist who will dive into your health history looking for any consistent triggers and symptoms to determine if you have asthma. Your allergist may also ask you to take a challenge test to determine if you have asthma. For those suffering from exercise-induced asthma, at select locations, we are offering a diagnosis exercise treadmill.
Management and Treatment
There is no cure for asthma, but an allergist can help you develop a treatment plan to minimize flare-ups and improve your quality of life. They will identify triggers of your asthma and help you build a plan to avoid and manage those triggers. An allergist may also prescribe medication to help alleviate asthma symptoms such as a nebulizer treatment. There are both quick-relief and long-term controller medications available.